Friday, March 25, 2016

How to teach causatives (have something done)

Years ago I prepared this lesson to teach causatives, which focuses on the use of the "have something done" structure. (Since this is the passive form of the "have somebody do something" structure, you might want to teach that before you teach this.) I started with this PPT to make sure students understand when we use causatives. While showing the pictures, you can ask some concept check questions to help them figure out the meaning:
Did she paint the walls herself last year?
Who will paint them this year?

Friday, March 18, 2016

Teaching the third conditional

I introduced the third conditional using photos of disasters that happened around the world. I put these photos on the board and asked the learners if they knew where these photos were taken. (The first two were taken after a mining disaster in Turkey; the others are from the Fukushima nuclear explosion and the sinking of the Titanic respectively.)

Almost all of them knew about the disasters. We talked a little bit about what happened. Then, I asked them if they thought it was possible to prevent these tragedies, and they shared their opinions. After that, I shared these news excerpts with them that suggest that they could have been prevented.

Monday, March 14, 2016

A complete lesson plan to teach the second conditional

I used the classic example "What would you take to a desert island?" to introduce the second conditional (or Type 2 conditional as some would call it). I wrote the question on the board (What would you take with you if you were trapped on a desert island?) and gave out this worksheet. Looking at the photo in the worksheet, learners are supposed to write items that they would possibly take to a desert island.

I was worried that they wouldn't understand the question because this was the first time they had ever seen the second conditional. However, they focused on thinking about items to take to the island, and not on the grammatical structure, which made everything easier. :)

Sunday, March 13, 2016

Starting a music band (Role-play)


In this lesson, learners work in groups to create a music band. You can start off by introducing / recycling  the word "audition". Write it on the board and ask learners if they know what it means. You can explain it yourself if they are not familiar with the word. You can also ask if any of them has played with a band before and encourage them to talk about their experiences.

Saturday, March 12, 2016

A complete lesson plan to teach quantifiers

This is a lesson plan I prepared as part of the ICELT course I did last year.  It aims to introduce some expressions of quantity (much, many, a little, a few and a lot of) and includes both controlled and free practice. 

I started off by asking the students if they knew anything about Cape Town. Some of them told me that they did, and I asked them some questions about it like "Where is it?"and "What language do they speak there?" etc. After this small discussion, I showed them the video below and asked them to take notes of at least one reason mentioned in the video to visit Cape Town.

Friday, March 11, 2016

Practicing the present perfect continuous

This activity is designed to give learners a chance to practice the present perfect continuous with some role playing.

Directions: 
  • Four students in each group. 
  • Each student is given two slips of paper. 
  • Each slip contains two rows: one for the acting directions and the other for the reason for the acting. 

Wednesday, March 9, 2016

Tag questions

My colleague Ceren Kocaman prepared this worksheet to introduce tag questions. It starts with a lovely dialogue between a man and his daughter, and encourages learners to discover the rule with some concept check questions.

The worksheet also includes some practice at the end, but you might need to help them with exceptions like "Let's do this, shall we?". 

Tuesday, March 8, 2016

Talk for a minute

This speaking activity might help you fill in those 5-10 minutes that you have at the end of a lesson.

The topics are very easy to talk about, so you can use this with learners at lower levels.

Download this PPT and ask learners to choose one of the letters on the first slide. Click on it and it will take you to a ‘talk for a minute’ slide. Read the question, check understanding, then click anywhere on the slide to start the one-minute timer (the white bar at the bottom). The student talks until the timer stops.

When the time is up, click on the cloud with a letter in it in the top left corner to go back to the home slide.

Monday, March 7, 2016

Playing Pyramid to practice relative clauses

This is a fun speaking activity based on the TV game show Pyramid in which a player from the team tries to guess the name of a certain category with the help of her/his teammate(s).  

Watch Joey from Friends play the game in the video below.


This game aims to help learners practice relative clauses, so all the categories are relative clauses. Here is how you play the game.

Thursday, March 3, 2016

MA Programs in English Language Teaching (Turkey)

An MA degree in ELT is a qualification for EFL teachers wanting to learn more about current ELT/ESL research, theory, pedagogy and practice and to conduct research in these fields. By providing students with a chance to become specialized in ELT testing and evaluation, curriculum development and/or teacher education, it allows them to take up jobs as teachers, curriculum officers, testing specialists and researchers  in all kinds of institutions ranging across primary, secondary and tertiary contexts. While some programs are oriented  towards educating more qualified teachers, some prioritize educating researchers/teacher educators who would be interested in furthering their academic studies. Students interested in an MA in ELT should explore the curricula of the programs listed below and decide which one is more appropriate for their purposes.

Wednesday, March 2, 2016

Memorable Prepositions

Prepositions are always problematic for learners of English. Although the ideal way to learn them is by exposure, more often than not, learners might have to learn at least the most common ones in a limited amount of time to do well in school or on exams. My students have been asking me for a list of preposition combinations with adjectives and adverbs, and I have found this list which also includes some practice on these combinations.

I also came up with this game to practice these combinations in class, but it might be a good idea to give students some time, ideally a few days, to study the list before you play the game.